25 Mar Present Simple
Present Simple – Grammar
This is the first episode of a special series of podcasts about grammar in context: today we’re talking about present simple. This might be very easy for you but it’s important to make sure you’re not making basic mistakes with the easier grammar before you try to use the more difficult grammar and vocabulary.
Form: Subject + Verb
3rd person singular: add -s to the Verb
Questions: Do/Does + Subject + Verb
Negative form: Don’t/Doesn’t + Verb
Contractions: Verb to be (I’m, you’re, he’s, she’s, it’s, we’re, they’re)
Uses and examples:
We use present simple to talk about things that are true now
- Who is the leader of your country? The leader of my country right now is Donald Trump, the President.
- What time is it? It’s 10:27.
We use present simple to talk about something that’s always true
- Which way do things fall? They fall down.
- Where is France? France is near Spain.
We also use present simple when talking about something fixed in the future
- What time do you finish work today? I finish at 20:30 this afternoon.
Present simple is used when you talk about habits, repeated actions, the things you do, your lifestyle, etc (often with -adverbs of frequency)
- Do you go to the gym? Yes, I do, OR, I never go to the gym.
- How often do you cook for people? I probably cook for people twice a month.
- How often do you get your hair cut? I rarely have my hair cut.
Two truths and a lie: say two sentences that are true and one sentence that’s false. The other people have to ask questions to guess which sentence is the false one.
- I never eat chocolate. I drink coffee six times a day. I always wake up at 6 a.m.
- My brother plays the guitar every day. The president of my country never uses Twitter. My cat sleeps 17 hours a day.
- I never speak to my sister. My dad plays in a rock band. My 4-year-old son goes to yoga class.
Try to answer these questions accurately:
Who is the leader of your country?
What time do you start work or school tomorrow?
How often do you pick your nose?
What’s the economy like in your country?